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Lalita Sahasranamam

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1 Lalita Sahasranamam on Tue Nov 29, 2011 10:26 pm

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Lalita sahasranama is a sacred Hindu text dated to the 12th century A.D for the worshippers of the Goddess Lalita Devi, i.e. the Divine Mother, in the form of her and the male gods' feminine power, Shakti.

Lalita is the Goddess of bliss, an epithet for Parvati. Etymologically, "Lalita" means "She Who Plays". In the root form (vyutpatti), the word "Lalita" means "spontaneous" from which the meaning "easy" is derived and from there-forth the word implicitly extends to "play". It is supposedly one of the most complete stotras, one need only recite it to gain total salvation.

The names are organised as in a hymn, i.e. in the way of stotras. This hymn occurs in the Brahmanda Purana. It is a dialogue between Hayagriva, an (avatar) of Mahavishnu and the great sage Agastya.

Lalitha sahasranama was composed by 8 vaag devis (vaag devathas) upon the command of Devi Sri Lalitha. The 8 vaag devis are - Vasini, Kameshwari, Aruna, Vimala, Jayinee, Modhinee, Sarveshwari, Koulini. This depicts us the truth "One can worship Lalitha only if she wishes us to do so".The slokas are organised in such a way that, Devi is described from "Head to Feet" (kEsAdhi pAdham).

Lalita Sahasranamam is held as a sacred text for the worship of the Divine Mother, Lalita, and is also used in the worship of Durga,Parvati, Kali, Lakshmi, Saraswati, Bhagavathi, etc. It is a principal text of Shakti worshippers. Lalita Sahasranama names the various attributes of the Divine Mother, and all these names are organised in the form of a hymn. This Sahasranama is used in various modes for the worship of the Divine Mother. Some of the modes of worship are parayana (Recitations), archana, homa etc.

Usually, in a sahasranamam, if the same name repeats, the commentators use their scholarship and inspiration to give different meanings to different occurrences of the same name (this practise occurs also in Jewish Talmudic commentary). Lalita sahasranama has the unique distinction, among all the sahasranamas, of not repeating even a single name. Further, in order to maintain the metre, sahasranamas use the artifice of adding words like tu, api, ca, and hi, which are only conjunctions not necessarily needed for the meaning except in rare cases of interpretation.

Lalita sahasrama however does not make any use of such auxiliary conjunctions and is therefore unique in being a pure enumeration of holy names that meet the metrical, poetical and mystic requirements of a sahasranama solely by their order throughout the text.

source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lalita_sahasranama

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2 Re: Lalita Sahasranamam on Tue Nov 29, 2011 10:27 pm

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This stotra (hymn which praises) occurs in Brahmanda purana (Old epic of the universe) in the Chapter on discussion between Hayagreeva and Agasthya.Hayagreeva is an incarnation of Vishnu with the horse head and is believed to be the storehouse of knowledge. Agasthya is one of the great sages of yore who is one of the stars of the constellation great bear. At his request Hayagreeva taught him the most holy 1000 names of Lalitha.

Parama shiva is one of the trinity of Hindu pantheons who is in charge of destruction. He married Sathi , the daughter of Daksha. Daksha and Paramashiva were not getting on well and consequently he did not invite Paramashiva for one of the great fire sacrifices that he conducted. However Sathi went to attend the function in spite of Paramashiva’s protest. Daksha insulted her husband and she jumped in to the fire and ended her life. Consequently at the behest Of Paramashiva Daksha was killed and later given life with a goat’s head. However this incident upset Paramashiva and he entered into deep meditation.Sathi took birth as the daughter of the mountain(Parvathy) Himalayas and started doing penance on Shiva for getting him as her husband. The devas faced a very great enemy in Sura Padma who had a boon that he could be killed only by a son of Shiva and Parvathy. So to wake Shiva from his deep meditation the devas deputed Manmatha , the God of love who shot his flower arrows at Paramashiva. Paramashiva woke up and opened his third eye and burnt the God of love into ashes. The Devas and Rathi Devi the wife of Manmatha requested Paramashiva to give life to Manmatha. Heeding for their request Paramashiva stared at the ashes of Manmatha.From the ashes came Bhandasura Who made all the world as impotent and ruled from the city called Shonitha pura.He started troubling the devas.The devas then sought the advice of Sage Narada who advised them to conduct a fire sacrifice. From the fire rose Sri Lalitha Tripura Sundari.
She was extremely beautiful, having dark thick long hair with scent of Champaka, Asoka and Punnaga flowers, having the musk thilaka on her forehead, Having eyelids which appeared as if it is the gate of the house of God of love ,having eyes which were like fish playing in the beauteous lake of her face, Having nose with studs which shined more than the stars, Having ears with sun and moon as studs, having cheeks which were like mirror of Padmaraga, Having beautiful rows of white teeth, Chewing Thamboola with camphor, having voice sweeter than the sound emanating from Veena of Sarswathi, Having such a beautiful smile that Lord Shiva himself could not take his eyes off, Wearing Mangala soothra and necklaces with beautiful shining dollars, Having breasts which were capable of buying the invaluable love of Kameswara, having row of faint beautiful hair raising from her belly, having stomach with three pretty folds, wearing red silk tied with a string with red bells. Having thighs which steal the heart of Kameshwara, Having knees which looked like crowns made of precious gems, having voluptuous legs, having upper part of the feet resembling the back of tortoise, Having feet which resembled the lamps made of gems which could dispel worries from the mind of devotees and a body with the golden red colour. She was given in marriage to Lord Kameshwara and made to stay in Sree Nagara at the top of Maha Meru Mountain.
Sree nagara had 25 streets circling it. They are made of iron, steel, copper, lead, alloy made of five metals, silver, gold, the white Pushpa raga stone, the red Padmaraga stone. Onyx, diamond, Vaidoorya, Indra neela (topaz), pearl, Marakatha, coral, nine gems and mixture of gems and precious stones. In the eighth street was the forest of Kadambas. This is presided by Syamala. In the fifteenth street live the Ashta Digh palakas.In the sixteenth lives Varahi alias Dandini who is her commander in chief. Here Syamala also has a house. In the seventeenth street live the different Yoginis.In the eighteenth street lives Maha Vishnu.In the nineteenth street lives Esana, in the twentieth Thara Devi, twenty first Varuni , the twenty second Kurukulla who presides over the fort of pride, twenty third Marthanda Bhairawa, twenty fourth the moon and twenty fifth Manmatha presiding over the forest of love. In the center of Srinagara is the Maha Padma Vana(The great lotus forest) and within it the Chintamani Griha (The house of holy thought),In its north east is the Chid agni kunda and on both sides of its eastern gate are the houses of Manthrini and Dhandini.On its four gates stand the Chaduramnaya gods for watch and ward. And within it is the Sri chakra.In the center of Sri Chakra on the throne of Pancha brahmas on the Bindu Peeta(dot plank) called sarvanandamaya(universal happiness) Sits Maha Tripura Sundari.In the Sri Chakra are the following decorations viz., The square called Trilokya mohanam(most beautiful in the three worlds), The sixteen petalled lotus called Sarvasa paripoorakam(fulfiller of all desires), the eight petalled lotus called Sarvasamksopanam(the all cleanser), the sixteen corner figure called Sarva sowbagyam(all luck),the external ten cornered figure called Sarvartha sadhakam (giver of all assets), the internal ten cornered figure called Sarva raksha karam(All protector), the eight cornered figure called Sarva roka haram(cure of all diseases), triangle called Sarva siddhi pradam(giver of all powers) and the dot called Sarvananda mayam(all pleasures).

The devas prayed her to kill Bhandasura..When she started for the war with Bandasura, she was accompanied by the powers called anima, mahima etc., Brahmi, Kaumari, Vaishnavi, Varahi, Mahendri, Chamundi, Maha Lakshmi, , Nitya Devaths and Avarna Devathas who occupy the Sri Chakra.While Sampatkari devi was the captain of the elephant regiment, Aswarooda devi was the captain of the cavalry.The army was commanded by Dhandini riding on the Charriot called Giri Chakra assisted by Manthrini riding on the chariot called Geya Chakra..Jwala malini protected the army by creating a fire ring around it.ParaShakthi rode in the center on the chariot of Sri Chakra.Nithya Devi destroyed a large chunk of Bandasura’s armies , Bala Devi killed the son of Bandasura, and Manthrini and Dhandini killed his brothers called Vishanga and Vishukra.When the Asuras created blockade for the marching army, Sri Lalitha Tripura sundari created Ganesha with the help of Kameshwara to remove the blockade.Then Bandasura created the asuras called Hiranyaksha, Hiranya Kasipu and Ravana.The Devi created the ten avatars of Vishnu and destroyed them. She killed all his army using Pasupathastra and killed him with Kameshwarasthra.The gods then praised her.She then recreated Manmatha for the good of the world. This story is contained in the first 84 names of the first 34 slokas of Lalitha Sahasra nama .and all together contains one thousand names. This is also called the Rahasya Nama Sahasra(the thousand secret names).Reading it , meditating on the meaning of the names would lead to the fulfillment of all the wishes of the devotees.

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3 Re: Lalita Sahasranamam on Wed Nov 30, 2011 8:39 pm

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Lalitha Sahasranamam can be chanted in two different ways. One is stotra form and the other in manthra form. In stotra form, all 1000 namams are separated into stothrams of a few namams each resited in this way, In manthra form, each namam is said said individually, preseeded by “aum” and followed by “namh”. Manthra form is commonly used to recite Lalitha Sahsranam during archana. Both ways, however, are equally effective.

Sri Lalitha Sahasranam Stotram consists of sixteen parts.

The first three slokas describe the grand incarnation of the mother.

1. Om Srimatha Shri Maharagjni Srimathsimha-saneswari
Chidagni kunda sambhootha Devakarya samudyatha

Srimatha: salutations to divine mother
Shrimaharajni: Great empress of universe
Shrimathsimha-saneswari: great sovereign, enthroned on the lion’s back
Chidagni kunda sambhootha: who came out of the fire of pure consciousness.
Devakarya samudyatha: who promotes the cause of divine forces.

2. Udyadbhanu sahasrabha Chaturbahu samanvitha
Ragaswarupa pashadya krodhakarankusojvala

Udyadbhanu sahasrabha: who is radient as a thousand sins rising together
Chaturbahu samanvitha: four armed divinity
Ragaswarupa pashadya: who holds in her left hand a noose representing the power of love
Krodhakarankusojvala: who is holding the flashing ankusa in her right hand for restraining the forces of evil.

3. Manorupekhu kodanada Panchatanmatra sayaka
Nijaruna prabhapura majjad-brahmanda mandala

Manorupekhu kodanada: who wields in her upper left hand asugarcane bow that stands for mind.
Panchatanmatra sayaka who holds five arrows representing the five thanmatras (Touch, Smell, Hearing, Taste and Sight).
Nijaruna prabhapura majjad-brahmanda mandala: she who makes all the universe immerse in her red colour which is like the sun in the dawn.

4 Re: Lalita Sahasranamam on Thu Dec 01, 2011 7:13 pm

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The second part from 4 to 21 slokas describes the physical beauty of Sri Thripura Sundari praising from the crown to feet.

4. Champakaashoka punnaga sougandhika lasthkacha
Kuruvinda mani sreni kanatkotira manditha

Champakaashoka punnaga sougandhika lastkacha: she who wears in heir flowers like Champaka, Ashoka, Punnaga and Sougandhika
Kuruvinda mani sreni kanatkotira manditha: she whose crown glitters with rows of inlaid kuruvinda precious stones

5. Ashtami Chandra vibhraja dalikasthala shobhitha
Mukha Chandra kalamkabha mruganaabhi viseshaka

Ashtami Chandra vibhraja dalikasthala shobhitha: whose forehead shines, arching like the crescent moon of the eith lunar digit
Mukha Chandra kalamkabha mruganaabhi viseshaka: the kasturi(mruga) tilaka adorns her moonlike face like the spot in the moon.

6. Vadanasmara mangalya gruhathorana chillika
Vakthralakshmi parivaha chalan-minaabha lochana

Vadanasmara mangalya gruhathorana chillika: whse face, the auspicious home of karma (cupid) has eyebrows that resemble archways leading to that adobe of beauty.
Vakthralakshmi parivaha chalan-minaabha lochana: whose eyes move like fish in the streams of beauty flowing from her face.

7. Nava champaka pushpabha nasa danda virajitha
Tara kanthi tiraskari nasabharana bhasura

Nava champaka pushpabha nasa danada virajitha: whose shapely nose is like a freshly blown champaka bud
Tara kanthi tiraskari nasabharana bhasura: with a nasal ornament set with a jewel that excels the brilliance of the planet Venus.

8. Kadamba manjari kluptha karnapoora manohara
Tadanga yugali bhootha tapanodupa mandala

Kadamba manjari kluptha karnapura manohara: she who has beautiful ears like the Kadamba flowers
Tadanga yugali bhootha tapanodupa mandala: who has the orbs of the sun and moon as her pair of ear pendants.

9. Padmaraga siladarsa paribhavai kapolabhuhu
Nava vidruma bimbasri nyaktari radanachada

Padmaraga siladarsa paribhavai kapolabhuhu: she who has cheeks which shine more than the shine of Ruby/Padmaraga
Nava vidruma bimbasri nyaktari radanachada: whose lips outshine the redness of fresh coral and bimba fruit.

10. Shudda vidyankurakara dwija pangthi dvayojvala
Karpuraveeti kamoda samakarha diganthara

Shudda vidyankurakara dwija pankthi dvayojvala: she whose beauty is amplified by perfect teeth which look like germinated true knowledge (shodasakshari vidya known as srividya)
Karpuraveeti kamoda samakarha diganthara: she who chews betel leaf with the spices which give perfume in all directions

11. Nijasallapa madhurya vinirbardista kachapi
Mandasmitha prabhapura majjat kamesa manasa

Nijasallapa madhurya vinirbardista kachapi: she who has voice sweeter than the notes produced by Saraswathi Devis veena (kachapi)
Mandasmitha prabhapura majjat kamesa manasa: the radiance whose smile inundates the mind of kameswara (Shiva), her consort

12. Anakalitha sadrusya chibukasri virajitha
Kamesha badda mangalya soothra shobhitha kandhara

Anakalitha sadrusya chibukasri virajitha: she who has a beautiful chin which has nothing else to compare
Kamesha baddamangalya suthra shobhitha kandara: she who shines with the thread mangalasuthra in her neck tied by her consort lord kameswara

13. Kanakangada keyura kamaneeya bhujanvitha
Rathna griveya chinthakalola muktha phalanvitha

Kanakangada keyura kamaneeya bhujanvitha: she who wears golden armlets
Rathna griveya chinthakalola muktha phalanvitha: she who wears necklace moving pearls inlaid with gems

14. Kameswara prema rathana manipratipana stani
Nabyala vala romali latha phala kucha dvayi

Kameswara prema rathna maniprathipana stani: whose breasts form the price she pays to her concert in return for the gem of lovehe bestows on her.
Nabyala vala romali latha phala kucha dvayi: whose breasts look like fruits on the creeper of the hair line spreading upwards from the navel.

15. Lakshya romalatha dhara thasamunneya madhyama
Stanabhara dalanmadhya patta bhandha valithraya

Lakshya romalatha dhara thasamunneya madhyama: she who is suspected to have waist because of the creeper like hairs rising from there
Stanabhara dalanmadhya patta bhandha valithraya: she who has three stripes in her belly due to the weight of the breasts, created to protect her tiny waist

16. Arunaruna kousumba vasthra bhasvath kati thati
Rathna kinkinikaramya rashanadama bhushitha

Arunaruna kousumba vasthra bhasvath kati thati: she who shines in her light reddish silk cloth worn over her tiny waist
Rathna kinkinikaramya rashanadama bhushitha: she who wears a golden thread below her waist decorated with bells made of precious stones

17. Kamesha gnatha soubhagya mardavoru dvayanivitha
Manikya makutakara janu dvaya virajitha

Kamesha gnatha soubhagya mardavoru dvayanivitha: she who has pretty tender thighs known only to her consort, kameswara (shiva)
Manikya makutakara janu dvaya virajitha: she who has knee joints like the crown made of a precious stone manikya below her thighs

18. Indragopa parikshiptha smarathunabha janghika
Guda gupha koorma prushtajayishnu prapadanvitha

Indragopa parikshiptha smarathunabha janghika: she who has calf muscles like the cupids case of arrows followed by the bee called Indra kopa
Guda gupha: she who has round ankles
koorma prushtajayishnu prapadanvitha: she who has upper feet shapely and beautiful like the back of the tortoise

19. Nakhadithi sanchanna namajjana tamoguna
Paadadvaya prabha jaala paraakrutha saroruha

Nakhadithi sanchanna namajjana tamoguna: she who removes the darkness in the mind of her devotees by the sparkle of nails
Padadvaya prabha jaala paraakrutha saroruha: she who has two feet which are much more beautiful than lotus flowers

20. Shinjana mani manjeera manditha sri padambhuja
Marali manda gamana maha lavaynya sevadhih

Shinjana mani manjeera manditha sri padambhuja: she who has feet wearing musical anklets filled with gem stones
Marali manda gamana: she who has the slow gait like the swan
maha lavaynya sevadhih: she who has the store house of supreme beauty

21. Sarvaruna anavdhyangi sarvabharana bhooshitha
Shiva kameswaragasta siva swadhina vallabha

Sarvaruna: she who has light reddish colour of the dawn in all her aspects
Anavdhyangi: she who has most beautiful limbs which do not lack any aspect of beauty
sarvabharana bhooshita: she who wears all the ornaments
Shiva kameswaragasta: she who sits on the lap of Shiva
Shiva: she who is the personification of Shiva
swadhina vallabha:she whose husband obeys her.

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